Industrial automation is the use of control systems like computers or robots and information technology to process various processes and machines in the industry to replace humans and thus make use of technology. This is the second step after mechanization in the field of industrialization.
Improve the quality and flexibility of the production process
Previously, the purpose of automation was to increase productivity (because automated systems could work 24 hours a day) and reduce the costs associated with human operators that includes the human wages and other allwance. But today, the focus of automation has shifted to improving quality and flexibility in the production process. In the automotive industry, piston assembly on the engine is done manually with an error rate of 1-1.5%. This task is currently carried out by automatic machines with an error rate of 0.00001%.
Advantages of industrial automation
Lower ownership costs: Industrial automation eliminates health care and paid vacations associated with human operators. In addition, industrial automation does not require additional benefits for employees such as bonuses, pensions, etc. Maintenance costs associated with industrial automation machines are lower because they often fail. If this fails, only the computer and service technician needs to be repaired.
Although many companies employ hundreds of workers to manage facilities for a maximum number of hours of up to three shifts, these facilities must be closed for maintenance and rest. Industrial automation fulfills the company’s goals by allowing companies to operate production facilities 24 hours a day, 7 days a week, 365 days a year. This leads to a significant increase in company performance.
Automation reduces human error. In addition, unlike humans, robots do not need fatigue, producing the same quality products produced at different times.
Adding new tasks to the production line requires training with one operator, but the robot can be programmed to do each task. This makes the production process more flexible.
High accuracy of information
By adding automatic data retrieval, you can gather vital production information, improve data accuracy, and reduce the cost of collecting your data. This will give you the facts to make the right decision if you want to reduce waste and improve your process.
Industrial automation can make production lines safe for employees by using robots for hazardous work.
Industrial automation losses
High purchase costs
The initial investment associated with the transfer from the human production line to the automatic production line is very high. Training employees to work with this new advanced equipment is expensive.
As a conclusion, Industrial automation has
recently become well-established in various industries through exceptional
benefits such as increased productivity, quality and security at low costs.